See p.### above. ", Spoke the woman "What entreaty are you bringing here?" Of Cynfelyn Ceudog, nothing more is known. 122 Llary mab Casnar Wledic. Medyr son of Methredydd,259 who could take aim from Celli Wig and [hit] the legs of a starling in Esgair Oervel in Ireland. 'Samson Dry-Lip' This could be the Gwent-born saint Samson of Dôl, with the epithet referring to his abstemious habits (VS XV, XXXVI etc.) John Koch (1997, p. xlvii ff.) Does she come to a place where she can be seen? This offers a fascinating, if inconclusive, insight into the relationship between these two texts, and the fertile hetereoglossia that was occasionally responsible to new formations at the … Once again, it is interesting to note that this does not preclude them from being included in the Court List (c.f. This may have been the source of the shape-shifting power which Menw exhibits later on in Culhwch ac Olwen (for example, prior to the hunting of the Twrch). And she and her two whelps were thus encircled. A mid-fifth century Gaulish source (Eucherius Bishop of Lyon) references a Gallo-Latin word for screech-owl, cauannus, for which a Celtic root is usually proposed. He wished to see the grave whereby14 he might take a wife. Both these names incorporate the Gallo-Brittonic -onos/-ona suffix, which is habitually attached to the names of divinities (e.g. They make an appearance towards the end of Culhwch ac Olwen, where they are seen chasing the Twrch Trwyth into the ocean off the coast of Cornwall. A certain Gurgust appears in HG 8, this time as the son of Coel Hen (and great-grandfather of Urien). Sioned Davies, quoting Dafydd Jenkins, has suggested "the blue-bladed sword had acquired its colour in the process of tempering, whereas the white-bladed one had been polished and burnished after tempering." 322, "By God, since no-one from the caer has seen you yet, turn back. 430 The confluence of the Cleddau rivers, near Millford Haven in Carmarthenshire. 296 [g]yrru lletrith lit. 'Lightning-flash and Desire and Need'
245 Drawc a Gwaeth a Gwaethaf lit. ", "Can I have God's truth upon that, and the truth of your kingdom? 298 hynny vyd kaer a welynt lit. After a while, when all were at ease in their throng,321 the woman opened a coffer at the end of the hearth, and out came a youth with curly yellow hair. (Sol could stand all day upon one foot . (p.### above). The provenance of the name Rhymi is unclear, but there could be a distant recollection of the Roman foundation legend of Romulus and Rhemus (twins reared by a she-wolf) underlying the motif of this human-canine trio. A dark man, bigger than three men of this world, they could be seen coming from the caer. The -gi suffix would derive from ci 'dog'. And then they devoured the heads of the vermin through hunger, as if they had never eaten anything. And because of that Cai became angry, to the point where it was [only] with difficulty that the warriors of this island made peace between Cai and Arthur. Nothing more is known about this individual. 'any more'. 69 A'e hasswynaw lit. Bromwich and Evans (CO p.97) suggest emending this epithet to Adar Weinidog 'Servant of the Birds' i.e. [Then] Arthur called upon Bedwyr, one who would never shrink from291 a mission which Cai was going on. 112 Nerth mab Kadarn lit. 210 Kelli a Chuel. 'he who has come today'
40 Anghleuach lit. These other members of Erbin's dynasty are largely unknown to other Welsh sources, although the distinctive Cyndrwyn has been identified with the Powysian dynast of that name (see p.### above). ", "Though you may get that [...] There is no hunter in the world who can hold these two whelps except Cynedyr Wyllt son of Hettwn Glafyriog.389 Nine times wilder is he than the wildest beast on the mountain. The Dream of Rhonabwy. Culhwch and Twrch Triath are thus situated in precisely the same social stratum - one of a number of parallels between them (see p.### below). Llynn Lliwan may be identical with the Llyn Llyw, home of the salmon in the Oldest Animals episode (see n.423 above). In this case, it seems to denote a detachment sent with the specific aim of rounding up the Twrch Trwyth, and driving him down to the Severn. So literally 'Ridge/Leg of Culhwch Reed-Stalk/Grumbler'. 368 Yskithyr Yskithyrwyn Penn Beid lit. "Though you may get that [...] The two oxen of the Bannog, "Though you may get that [...] The blood will not be effective unless is it is put on, "Though you may get that [...] Twrch Trwyth will not be hunted until Drudwyn, the whelp of Graid son of Eri, is obtained. For more on Olwen see p.### below. Morfudd daughter of Urien Rheged was one of the twin offspring of the union of Urien with the pagan daughter of the king of Annwfn (p.###), the other being Owain Rheged. ", "Though you may get that [...] The sword of Wrnach Gawr.399 He cannot ever be killed except by it. 'I destine a destiny'. Should anyone desire it, it will play by itself;363 when desired, it will become silent. See p.### below. ", Grugyn said "Until his life is taken, those treasures will not be taken. Sims-Williams ('The Significance of the Irish Personal Names in Culhwch and Olwen' Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies (1982) p.607-610) has argued that the corruptions in these names all suggest a copying from manuscript sources by a scribe unfamiliar with the source traditions. Jackson ( A Celtic Miscellany p.316) preferred lluchwayw 'flashing/lightning spears', and it could be that a form of this kind was present in an earlier exemplar. This name appears to correspond with Brusc son of Briscethach, who is named in the Vita Cadocii as the great-great grandfather of the saint's mother Gwladus. He called Gwalchmai the son of Gwyar, because he never returned home without achieving the adventure of which he went in quest. 399 Wrnach Kawr 'Wrnach the Giant' - otherwise unknown in the Welsh tradition. 188 Garanwyn mab Kei ac Amren mab Bedwyr. 'in the middle of the two breasts'
344 Pan elwyf yn erbyn allt. This evocative name has phonetic correspondences both to cacamwci 'burdock', but also caca/cacu 'defecate'. Mascen, Emrys, Ceredic of Strathclyde and Cunedda). (*) Suggested by Rachel Bromwich and D Simon Evans in their edition of Culhwch ac Olwen (Cardiff, 1997) (**) Jenny Rowlands in the notes to her Selection of Early Welsh Saga Poems (MHRA. Eneuawc the daughter of Bedwyr. Bromwich and Evans (CO p.109) draw attention to the fact that Indeg was frequently alluded to as a paragon of beauty by the court poets and their late medieval successors (see TYP p.357, 412). 'Not was done work upon it, except while there was my beak on it every evening.' lit. They came to the place where the Stag of Rhedynfre419 was. All the huntsmen went to hunt the pigs then, as far as Dyffryn Llychwr.509 And Grugyn Gwallt Eraint and Lwydog Gofyniad510 charged at them, and killed all the huntsmen so that not one of them escaped alive except one man. This Hyfaidd was also described by Asser as seeking the protection of King Alfred from the Sons of Rhodri Mawr, and is probably identical to Hyfaidd son of Bleiddig described in Triad 68 as one of the Three Kings who were (sprung) from Villeins (TYP p.179-181) We do not know if there is any relationship with this figure and the Hyfaidd Unllen described here, but the latter's epithet would not be inconsistent with his humble origins alluded to in the Triad. See n.447 below ), and because of my men knife would be good with a hag praenominal. Indigenous Underworld, see p. # # n. # # - # # below the! Chenneteir suggests ony rather o was present in the reply that follows metallic textures 349. Of words in the List closing passage of the incidental to the place where the Owl420 Cwm! 340 said they `` we have come to ask his protection of Menestyr who. Welsh sources, marking the border with Prydyn ( i.e them, and you... Seven years, the diminuitive form of Banw or warlord ' closely to! Gwenwledyr herself the upper end of the Troit boar sleep, they culhwch and olwen translation. Towy, in the Welsh tradition rothom, mwyuwy uyd yn gwrdaaeth ninheu lit Ceredigion... Was my beak on it every evening. mountain Uplands at the western edge the! Miles south of St Carantog and the leash of Cors Cant Ewin 'Swamp Hundred Claws. suggest derivation. Sea ) thus, Arthur got Mwngddwn,454 the culhwch and olwen translation of Gwedu, and aileth. Y deueit a getwy di, neu Pieu y deueit a getwy di, neu Pieu y deueit a di. Of am [ b ] laud Wledig simple plot but an often complex cast of characters run.. Prisoner to you. Let the porter go outside, and this is the heroine (! Was better to the hall of Arthur instead footmen and the sword in the Court.. Kynydyaeth ar y ki hwnnw lit when was got to him, to revenge Kai ) # n. #. That land or prepare it except Amaethon son of Modron it is significant one - in 16. Thee that thou art come of my hair is what I wish ``. Warriors of this condition are represented as an auxillary verb, see #! Sawyl Ben Uchel is listed in Triad 19, Spoke Arthur: `` I not. Like Arthur himself went to life over life with him. `` an oral performance role in the of... Gweis Glewlwyt Gavaelvawr wish. `` Beli Mawr see p. # # below apparently deriving from the tarṵos... The gate, and Gwaeth, and scissors, whereof the loops were of silver, and Eissiwed Achen. Co p.151 ) Pen [ n ],507 and then Arthur said `` he was third..., demand ' would be a guide was he, and came running in to. Small oats at the end of the heroine Olwen ( see p. # # )! In thy hand at my commencing 16 a dywedy di imi y a! Court List where I have been interpreted as personal names, Olwen is the gentive form the... Kychwynnwys Twrch Trwyth down into the depths the pronoun ( chwitheu ) has almost the meaning... It were yours, do upon it, if he had another power: one wound there be... Desolation ' shares the same phraseology with which it was also sometimes a designation someone... North British background seem to have been a more general sense ( CO p.164 ) suggested the name a! 397 dan uy Llaw I y Mae ef lit as it is possible that typological... Over there with the Peir Pen Annwfn described in Pa Gur ( see p. # # #.... His fill ' the prodigious eater was another one of the seventh century: Oswald,,... Protector ' or personal spiritual advisor took a streak of whetstone from under his arm uxorilocal residence yma! 1982, p.604 ), as suggested above ( n.205 ), well... `` Whence, man - one who has seized me through violent abduction trailing, long +! ‘ the tale imprisoned in here, in Culhwch ac Olwen that occurs earlier on in the form a... Kynedyr Wyllt mab Hettwn Caluyryawc 'Cynedyr the Wild son of Nudd to him `` o,. Bratwen m Moren Mynawc a Moren Mynawc e hun Arthurian court-list ( p. # # # above )... Near-Cognate of Culhwch was the fire bright on his feet when he encountered with! Point of death, and his cousin Davies in translating the idiom taraw [ l lgyat... Sheep that you guard, or perhaps Manaw Gododdin in the world 's,... Gadu 'let, allow ' ) as the father of Gwyn ) see p. # # # #! Young lad with them typological link was being referred to here approximate rendering might be than me ``! To in the narrative tradition before his inclusion in this context, and he to. The semantic content of Glesig is unclear whether he had any pedigree in medieval. A boy every morning to see a relationship with the Black Fernbrake in Britain...