New Orleans is a bright light of a city in the United States, famed for food, parades, nightlife, music, and so much more. Sort out the facts and test your knowledge of the USA. New Orleans is a gumbo of historic influences, a spicy mash up of cultures that range from Native American and African to Cuban, French, Spanish, Sicilian and Irish and more. Stories of slaves and free people of color, of the Irish and Italians who immigrated to New Orleans, of battles won and lost and sacrifices that secured America’s freedom on the world stage are... Tennessee Williams said, “America has only three cities: New York, San Francisco and New Orleans. Essentially an island between the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain, New Orleans is a city defined and shaped by waterways. Fact 9 During the American Civil War, New Orleans was the largest city in the Confederate States of America. Book now and... A city in a class of its own, New Orleans offers endless opportunities for fun and entertainment, casting a global allure that brings more than 17 million visitors to the city a year. The modern metropolis has spread far beyond this original location. New Orleans, city, southeastern Louisiana, U.S. New Orleans is one of the most distinctive cultural centers in North America. New Orleans is like the mother load of history, facts and totally out-there-info about a place. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Serving as a major port, New Orleans is considered an economic and commercial hub for the broader Gulf Coast region of the United States. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Fact 10 New Orleans was one of the major points through which voodoo was introduced into the United States. score: the Saints have five less wins than the Pittsburgh Steelers. Marie Laveau, an oracle who performed numerous exorcisms and voodoo rituals in the 1800s, is one of the most well-known practitioners. It was saved by a woman with great resolve and great courage. Volleyed between the French and the Spanish from the late 17th century until the United States bought Louisiana for pennies an acre in 1803, New Orleans is forever shaped by its European heritage. The British force was commanded by General Edward Pakenham. New Orleans is a bright light of a city in the United States, famed for food, parades, nightlife, music, and so much more. Today, we are investigating the history of New Orleans food and cocktail. New Orleans - New Orleans - The Civil War and its aftermath: During the American Civil War the strategic location of the city was inadequately appreciated by the Confederate military. Native Americans settled in the New Orleans area around 400 A.D., according to archaeological evidence. The British had 8,000 infantry in the line out of a total strength of 11,000. The Battle of New Orleans was the last battle fought in the War of 1812 between the British and the Americans.It involved a series of smaller battles leading up to the main engagement on January 8, 1815. The history, food, and cocktails of New Orleans demonstrate mass collisions of cultures that make the area so unique. In 1947, the Department of Commerce expanded into the full-fledged College of Business Administration. In New Orleans, they call the sandwich a "po'boy." French , Spanish , Caribbean , and African American influence can be seen throughout the city, from its architecture to its culture. Please check directly with individual businesses as you make plans, and see more about our phased reopening plan. The particular... “Sylvain" was the city’s first opera performance, and New Orleans still has an Opera presence today. It was devastated by Hurricane Katrina in August 2005, when the levees protecting the city were breached and nearly all of the city was flooded. 5. Orleans Parish is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). 1975 - The New Orleans Superdome is completed. The primary coordinate point for New Orleans is located at latitude 29.9546 and longitude -90.0751 in Orleans Parish. The city of New Orleans and Orleans parish (county) are coextensive, occupying a point at the head of the Mississippi River delta at the Gulf of Mexico. The city was placed under the military command of General Benjamin Butler, and city officials were removed from office. New Orleans History Facts and Timeline (New Orleans, Louisiana - LA, USA) The famously picturesque city and major port of New Orleans is a popular visitor destination for its spectacular Mardi Gras festival, as well as for its historic French Creole quarter with its spooky links to voodoo practices. Less than a month later, a second hurricane passing to the west caused some levees to fail again, flooding a few areas of the city once more. Pop. New Orleans was the state capital not once, but twice in our state’s history. Sign up for special tips, offers, and info about all the latest happenings around NOLA with our monthly Insider’s Guide, delivered right to your inbox. Both the French and the Spanish ruled the city before the United States snatched it up, along with the rest of Louisiana in the $15 million Louisiana Purchases in 1803. In August 2005, one of the world’s most catastrophic storms stuck New Orleans, changing the city forever. 2010 - A Massive oil spill occurs off of the coastline when a BP oil rig explodes. The city began as the capital of Louisiana (New France), part of the first French colonial empire at the mouth of the Mississippi River.It became a territory of the United States when President Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Though much-anticipated, the 1884 World's Fair, or Cotton Centennial, in New Orleans, was m… History of New Orleans Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville founded New Orleans in 1718. It is coextensive with Orleans Parish. It’s no surprise that there are some really amazing facts about the city. By the 1850s, the French Quarter had fallen into disrepair. In 1718 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur d'Iberville founded the great city of New Orleans. New Orleans, city, southeastern Louisiana, U.S. Unquestionably one of the most distinctive cities of the New World, New Orleans was established at great cost in an environment of conflict. Here are just a couple of true tales from New Orleans’ haunted past. Try to find out how many fun facts about New Orleans you already knew, and which ones were new to you! New Orleans was built in a strategic position to defend the entrance of the River Mississippi. 20 fun facts about the New Orleans Saints Team has had a fascinating history By Barry Shuck Updated Sep 29, 2018, 4:48pm EDT The additional fact that New Orleans has upper-class and middle-class Black populations has been a significant factor in such projects. New Orleans natives are always amazed to find that in other cities, you can't. More US State History: The fact that a large segment of the Black population resides in declining neighbourhoods (some segregated, some integrated) has spurred both Black and interracial political, social, and religious organizations to work either independently or with city and federal agencies on projects to improve the quality of life for low-income citizens. © 2021 Neworleans.com All Rights Reserved. Due to Covid-19 restrictions, hours and schedules of some businesses and services may be disrupted. Click here to learn about the history of Opera. The elevation is 0 feet. By the turn of the century, an instrumentation borrowing from both brass marching bands and string bands was pred… New Orleans native Armstrong took jazz to the world. The French Quarter is the oldest area of the city but is more properly known as the Vieux Carre, because although founded by the French in 1718, it also reflects the art and architecture of the Spanish era. 2. These historical facts about New Orleans will give you a tiny snapshot into the convoluted past of the major city. A lot of NOLA bars offer to-go cups. With the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 came the Americans. 2. The following is a list of 10 important geographic facts about New Orleans. Origins Of Bourbon Whiskey. 5. In New Orleans, they call the sandwich a "po'boy." Here are 10 facts about New Orleans, one of America’s most eclectic cities. Wally Gobetz/Flickr It bounced from New Orleans to Donaldsonville in 1825, then to Baton Rouge in 1846, then back to New Orleans in 1864 before changing back to Baton Rouge in 1879. Alternative Title: Nouvelle-Orléans. In the early 1740s, Louisiana's governor, the Marquis de Vaudreuil, established elegant society balls, which became the model for the New Orleans Mardi Gras balls of today. The New Orleans Saints won their only Super Bowl appearance in 2010. be that upset because New Orleans is an infinitely more fun city. History, Eccentricity, and Originality: 25 Fascinating Facts About New Orleans. New Orleans has a moderate climate; the average daily temperature from October through March is 60 °F (16 °C), and from April through September the daily average is 77 °F (25 °C). On this day in 1864, the New Orleans Tribune published its first newspaper. The formal boundaries for the City of New Orleans encompass a land area of 169.42 sq. The city’s broad timeline offers a portal into what we see, taste, hear and experience in 21st century New Orleans. (2000) 484,674; New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner Metro Area, 1,316,510; (2010) 343,829; New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner Metro Area, 1,167,764. It was incorporated into Loyola University in 1932 as the College of Music. The New Orleans Conservatory of Music and Dramatic Art was founded in 1919. At first, the community was nothing more than a trading camp on the curving east bank of the Mississippi River. Click here to learn about the history of music in New Orleans. 2. Here are 31 Interesting New Orleans facts. At this point, New Orleans is the wealthiest city in the nation, the third-most populous city, and the largest city in the South. History. We hope that this dive into the history of New Orleans proved worth your while, and … The storm and its aftermath killed hundreds, caused massive property damage, and forced a full-scale evacuation of the city. Whites account for less than one-third of the total, whereas in 1960 they made up almost two-thirds. The early city was located on the east bank along a sharp bend in the Mississippi, from which the nickname “Crescent City” is derived. Discover the bars celebrated for centuries for their locale, rich histories, trademark drinks and master bartenders. Jelly Roll Morton, who invented jazz, came from New Orleans. Though the hometown of Mardi Gras is known for its one-of-a-kind food and fun celebrations, it's also rich with culture and history. The New Orleans Conservatory of Music and Dramatic Art was founded in 1919. New Orleans History Facts . Franchise Granted: November 1, 1966 First Season: 1967 Stadium: Mercedes-Benz Superdome Super Bowl Championships: XLIV NFC Championships: 2009 New Orleans has a long and complex history that relates to African-American culture, and many of the oldest traditions are still alive today. Its citizens of African descent provided a special contribution in making New Orleans the birthplace of jazz. There had long been concern that a powerful storm could inundate the low-lying city; such an event occurred in 2005, when Hurricane Katrina produced a storm surge that overwhelmed the levees protecting New Orleans, and about four-fifths of the city was flooded. It was named in honor of the Duke of Orleans. New Orleans is one of the most distinctive cities in the United States . Edward writes, teaches, and does speaking engagements on local history to groups in and around New Orleans. Try to find out how many fun facts about New Orleans you already knew, and which ones were new to … History of Jazz Music. The British had 8,000 infantry in the line out of a total strength of 11,000. New Orleans, the largest city in Louisiana, is located in the southeast part of the state, between the Mississippi River and Lake Ponchartrain. The Battle of New Orleans was the last battle fought in the War of 1812 between the British and the Americans.It involved a series of smaller battles leading up to the main engagement on January 8, 1815. In the 19th century, New Orleans was the largest port in the South, exporting most of the nation's cotton output and other products to Western Europe and New England. The boundaries are formed by the Mississippi River and Jefferson parish to the west and Lake Pontchartrain to the north. Although Morton claimed he invented jazz, it preceded him — jazz started in New Orleans in the late 1800s, as mix of ragtime and blues. Final Thoughts on the History of New Orleans. 3. New Orleans' popular Bourbon Street was named after the French Bourbon dynasty, not the whiskey. This is the reason New Orleans is what it is. New Orleans’s population in 1803 was approximately 8,000, consisting of 4,000 whites and 2,700 enslaved and about 1,300 free persons of colour. The city began as the capital of Louisiana (New France), part of the first French colonial empire at the mouth of the Mississippi River.It became a territory of the United States when President Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. He wrote about them in … These newcomers to New Orleans were viewed by the French and Spanish Creoles as low-class, uncultured rough and tumble people who were not suited to the high society of the Creoles. score: the Saints have five less wins than the Pittsburgh Steelers. Stroll through New Orleans on any given night, and you’re likely to encounter these things: an above-ground graveyard. By the 1850s, the French Quarter had fallen into disrepair. History. During the nineteenth century, string bands, led by violinists, had dominated dance work, offering waltzes, quadrilles, polkas, and schottisches to a polite dancing public. No other city in America keeps its history as vital or as accessible as New Orleans. 1. New Orleans History Facts and Timeline (New Orleans, Louisiana - LA, USA) The famously picturesque city and major port of New Orleans is a popular visitor destination for its spectacular Mardi Gras festival, as well as for its historic French Creole quarter with its spooky links to voodoo practices. On this day in 1864, the New Orleans Tribune published its first newspaper. The French Quarter is the oldest area of the city but is more properly known as the Vieux Carre, because although founded by the French in 1718, it also reflects the art and architecture of the Spanish era. New Orleans, city, southeastern Louisiana, U.S. Unquestionably one of the most distinctive cities of the New World, New Orleans was established at great cost in an environment of conflict. Enjoy Guideposts new fiction series, Secrets of Wayfarers Inn Scroll through these photographs to see the 1-5 New Orleans Facts 1. Brief History Once the site of Allard Plantation facing Bayou St. John, City Park’s 1,300 acres offer visitors a sample of the city’s riches both in fine art and natural splendor. All the rest are Cleveland.” New Orleans culture is unlike any other. As the celebrating began, I visited my favorite American city. Author of five books on the history of New Orleans, Edward Branley is a graduate of Brother Martin High School and the University of New Orleans. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Who knew this stuff? 1-5 New Orleans Facts 1. 3. Much of that... For more than 300 years, immigrants from all over the world have been putting down roots in New Orleans, many disembarking here for their first steps in America. The New Orleans Saints won their only Super Bowl appearance in 2010. The city’s most prominent icon for this religion is Marie Laveau, an illegitimate daughter of plantation owner Charles Laveaux, and his Haitian slave mistress. 10 Facts About New Orleans You Never Knew Were True. New Orleans was the state capital not once, but twice in our state’s history. 37 Interesting Facts About New Orleans, Louisiana. It was the first daily Black newspaper and was unique as it printed articles in both English and French. It is the largest city in Louisiana, one of the country’s most important ports, a major tourist resort, and a medical, industrial, and educational center. It is connected to eastern New Orleans by the Greater New Orleans Bridge (also known as the Crescent City Connection). In fact the earliest stories of alligators in our state began as far back as the establishment of a colony in 1699 by Sieur d'Iberville. Firsts, Records, Odds & Ends. The west bank, known as Algiers, has grown rapidly. The New Orleans soundtrack is the product of many: Africa, Sicily, Ireland, Germany, Mexico & Central America. Volleyed between the French and the Spanish from the late 17th century until the United States bought Louisiana for pennies an acre in 1803, New Orleans is forever shaped by its European heritage. For those keeping . New Orleans is the birthplace of jazz. 2. The bridge, completed in 1958, proved to be a bottleneck to the city’s traffic; a second, adjacent bridge designed to reduce congestion was completed in 1988. It’s no surprise that there are some really amazing facts about the city. New Orleans is having its 300th birthday soon. Author of. 1. The discussion quieted after the publication of In Search of Buddy Bolden: First Man of Jazz. Here are 31 Interesting New Orleans facts. Fact 10 New Orleans was one of the major points through which voodoo was introduced into the United States. By 1900, things were changing in New Orleans: French instruction in schools was fading, the city was fast industrializing, and the Creole elite were losing their prominence as New Orleans neighborhoods diversified with immigrants of all origins. Freezing weather is rare, and the temperature rises above 95 °F (35 °C) only about six days per year. Baltimore and New Orleans were the same size, with Baltimore showing only 100 more people.) Don’t worry about finishing your drink before your group leaves the bar -- just ask the bartender for a "go-cup," and take it with you. The Superdome, Mercedes-Benz, is the largest enclosed arena in the world. Area city, 199 square miles (516 square km); metropolitan area, 1,907 square miles (4,939 square km). While New York often gets credit for being the “melting pot” of America, I would like to throw New Orleans in the mix for that label. The British force was commanded by General Edward Pakenham. New Orleans is having its 300th birthday soon. More hardships were in store, including an outbreak of yellow fever in 1905--the final epidemic of the disease in the United States--that killed more than 40,000 residents. The paper was the brainchild of Dr. Louis Charles Roudanez, a physician who attempted a similar effort just two years prior. Although the Creoles were forced to conduct business with the Americans, they did not want them in the old city. Native Americans settled in the New Orleans area around 400 A.D., according to archaeological evidence. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/New-Orleans-Louisiana, Official Tourism Site of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, Official Site of the City of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, CRW Flags - Flag of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, New Orleans - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), New Orleans - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The history of New Orleans, Louisiana, traces the city's development from its founding by the French, through its period under Spanish control, then briefly back to French rule before being acquired by the United States in the Louisiana Purchase. History of New Orleans, Louisiana. The Americans . The French colony was ceded to the Spanish Empire in the Treaty of Paris (1763). Yellow Fever Epidemic in New Orleans, 1817-1905 Step over a threshold to the past when you visit one of the many historic New Orleans homes open to the public. The Superdome, Mercedes-Benz, is the largest enclosed arena in the world. The particular form that evolved in the city became known as New Orleans voodoo. The city also has a solid economic base: it is the largest city in Louisiana, one of the country’s most important ports, a major tourist resort, and a medical, industrial, and educational centre. The Americans were under the command of General … New Orleans was founded by the French in 1718 and named in honor of Phillip, Duke of Orleans. If New Orleans history was translated to the silver screen, it would be a blockbuster – a story dripping with drama, romance, piracy, intrigue, tragedy, and inspiration. These architecturally significant houses are lovingly furnished so you can imagine what... New Orleans, a world class dining destination, is home to many legendary eating establishments. You've added your first Trip Builder item! Back to New Orleans Saints Page Detail Menu Toggle. The Americans were under the command of General … 6. Around 2200 B.C., silt deposited by the Mississippi River formed the land mass that later became the city of New Orleans. Here's a quick-hit list of everything you'd want to know! In 1947, the Department of Commerce expanded into the full-fledged College of Business Administration. The City of New Orleans was founded under the name La Nouvelle-Orléans on May 7, 1718, by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville and the French Mississippi Company. Religious groups, witchcraft trials, ivy league universities, and assembly lines are a few things that have drawn the colorful history of the United States. New Orleans is famously known as the home of voodoo. In 1919, a serial killer in New Orleans stated he would kill again but would spare the occupants of any place where a … 1. New Orleans was founded in 1718 by Jean Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville. Unusual. 2005 - Hurricane Katrina hits the state devastating New Orleans and killing over 1,800 people. History and Culture Culturally, New Orleans boasts an eclectic hybrid of African-American, French and Spanish influences. As one of the most historic cities in the country, New Orleans has a plethora of museums, tours, and tales of the past. In 1682 the French explorer Robert de La Salle explored the River Mississippi and claimed Louisiana for France. The Union fleet of Admiral David Farragut was able to capture New Orleans in April 1862. 37 Interesting Facts About New Orleans, Louisiana. New Orleans was founded in 1718 by Jean Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville. He was born in Montreal, one of 14 children born to parents from Normandy. A 21-11 record for the Saints in games played at Mercedes-Benz Superdome.. New Orleans is best known for its Mardi Gras season, but there's a lot more depth and richness to this city's history and culture. Get to know New Orleans with the this fun collection of historical facts and surprising information. The particular form that evolved in the city became known as New Orleans voodoo. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The … Professor of History and Archivist, Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond; Director, Center for Regional Studies. One of the few cities of the nation that has been under three flags, New Orleans has belonged to … Its prosperity was reflected in its 1803 exports, which had a value approaching $2 million and were bound mainly for American ports. 2,053 points scored by New Orleans, 1,097 allowed. We hope that this dive into the history of New Orleans proved worth your while, and that you didn’t find the … It was saved by a woman with great resolve and great courage. Fact 9 During the American Civil War, New Orleans was the largest city in the Confederate States of America. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. With an estimated population of 390,144 in 2019, it is the most populous city in Louisiana. But no Saints fans should . Team History; Team Facts; Team Greats; Team Facts. Aerial view of the French Quarter in New Orleans. New Orleans was established in 1718 by Bienville. Aerial view of flooding in the New Orleans area following Hurricane Katrina, August 2005. Downtown/Central Business District Hotels and Lodging, New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, New Orleans’ History Lover’s Travel Packages. Omissions? For those keeping . The city is divided by the Mississippi, with the principal settlement on the east bank. New Orleans has a lengthy and detailed history that is filled with important events. Here are 10 facts about New Orleans, one of America’s most eclectic cities. Who knew this stuff? New Orleans is a city of paradox and contrast: while it shares the urban problems afflicting other U.S. cities, it has nevertheless preserved an exuberant and uninhibited spirit, perhaps best exemplified by its Carnival season, which culminates in the famous annual Mardi Gras, when more than a million people throng the streets. Dancing had long been a mainstay of New Orleans nightlife, and Boldens popularity was based on his ability to give dancers what they wanted. The paper’s […] Population reaches approximately 102,000 or double the 1830 population. By the 1730s, Mardi Gras was celebrated openly in New Orleans, but not with the parades we know today. Nicknamed the Crescent City because of its quarter-moon shape, New Orleans was isolated from the mainland for close to 250 years. New Orleans is a consolidated city-parish located along the Mississippi River in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of Louisiana. miles and a water area of 180.43 sq. History. Later, the city was organized into a rectangular, fortified community, which still exists today as the French Quarter. New Orleans became known as the "Opera Capital of North America" during the 1800s, and when the French Opera house opened in 1859, many great composers had their premieres here. If New Orleans history was translated to the silver screen, it would be a blockbuster – a story dripping with drama, romance, piracy, intrigue, tragedy, and inspiration. His urban fantasy novel, "Hidden Talents," is available online and in bookstores. A seven-game New Orleans winning streak from 2011-2014. The University of New Orleans (originally called Louisiana State University in New Orleans) was established by Act 60 of the 1956 Louisiana Legislature in the wake of a citizens’ movement to bring tax-supported higher education to the metropolitan area. It became one of the world's great seaports. It was incorporated into Loyola University in 1932 as the College of Music. It was the first daily Black newspaper and was unique as it printed articles in both English and French. That used to be debated by folks arguing in favor of hubs of the genre such as New York and Chicago. Jazz funerals began when more than 41,000 people in New Orleans died from yellow fever from 1817–1905. Final Thoughts on the History of New Orleans. be that upset because New Orleans is an infinitely more fun city. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. People began to believe that the dead … 6. Around 2200 B.C., silt deposited by the Mississippi River formed the land mass that later became the city of New Orleans. Keep track of your trip itinerary here. Marie Laveau, an oracle who performed numerous exorcisms and voodoo rituals in the 1800s, is one of the most well-known practitioners. In 1919, a serial killer in New Orleans stated he would kill again but would spare the occupants of any place where a … Its strategic position, commanding the mouth of the great Mississippi-Missouri river system, which drains the rich interior of North America, made it a pawn in the struggles of Europeans for the control of North America. The History of Louisiana Alligators. New Orleans has a thriving voodoo culture dating back to the early 19th century. The New Orleans Saints were a National Football League (NFL) expansion team in 1967, the year after the league had placed a new club in Atlanta. The city was named after Phillipe d'Orléans, who was France's head of state at the time. Louisiana has a very long history with the alligators that inhabit her swamps and wetlands. Updates? Lake Pontchartrain is connected by The Rigolets channel to Lake Borgne on the east (and thence to the gulf), and the southern boundary of New Orleans is made up of St. Bernard parish and, again, the Mississippi River. After joining the French Navy as an explorer at age 17, he was sent with his older … Since the African American population in most of the adjacent parishes is quite small, these figures indicate the general trend of white movement to the suburbs typical of most major U.S. cities since 1950. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Because its saucer-shaped terrain lies as low as 5 to 10 feet (1.5 to 3 metres) below sea level and has an average rainfall of 57 inches (1,448 mm), a levee, or embankment, system and proper drainage have always been of prime importance. City Park is home of the New Orleans Museum of Art and the largest collection of mature live oaks in the world. A tour guide telling stories about the city’s haunted history. 10 Facts About New Orleans You Never Knew Were True. As a result, the peoples of New Orleans evolved a unique culture and society, while at the same time blending many heritages. miles. The origins are said to have come from the black residents of New Orleans but have been adopted … A cobwebbed 18 th-century mansion. It was the largest and most important city in the South; thus it was an early target for capture by the Uniondurin… New Orleans History La Nouvelle-Orléans (New Orleans) was founded May 7, 1718, by the French Mississippi Company. It became one of the world's great seaports. The population of New Orleans has been declining. Throughout 2018, New Orleans will be celebrating its 300th anniversary. New Orleans residents will come up to offer their well wishes, and many may add another dollar to the pin – to be used on birthday drinks, of course.