Singapore News - President Halimah Yacob remains in the top 50 of a list of the world's 500 most influential Muslims, compiled by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre in Jordan. [20] The president's primary role in the exercise of legislative power to make laws is assenting to bills passed by Parliament. Civil List and Pension Act: Resolution Passed at Parliament Meeting 2012 (, Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports, "Law allows Parliament to count Wee Kim Wee's term in triggering reserved presidential election: High Court", "Elected Presidency: Amendments to Constitution passed in Parliament", "Constitution of the Republic of Singapore (Amendment) Act 2016", Constitution of the Republic of Singapore, "Tan Cheng Bock's legal challenge on the reserved presidential election explained", "TAN CHENG BOCK v ATTORNEY GENERAL [2017] SGHC 160 DECISION DATE: 07 Jul 2017 HC/OS 495/2017", "Tan Cheng Bock's constitutional challenge dismissed by High Court", "Perpetual presidential hopeful Tan Cheng Bock bows out gracefully", "Singaporeans miffed by 'reserved' presidential election - Nikkei Asian Review", "Halimah Yacob set to be Singapore's first female president: A timeline of her career", "A Budget first: Govt to draw $4.9b from past reserves", "Turning of the second key went smoothly", "How Singapore elected a president without a vote", "PM Lee spells out why he pushed for reserved election". 19(3)(b) read with the Fifth Schedule. [53] The changes went into effect in April 2017. 19(2)(d) read with Art. 22L(1)(a) to (c). [59], The president holds office for a term of six years from the date on which they assume office. 1961-1962 Lim Ho Hup. [28], The Constitution confers on the president certain executive functions to block attempts by the government of the day to draw down past reserves that it did not accumulate. Here's a look back at the history of the presidential system and the men who had held the highest office in the land. In previous years, this sum was used to cover various expenses such as the cost of replacing state cars and installing a new document repository. [18] The President only exercises limited powers in their personal discretion[19] to block attempts by the government of the day to draw down past reserves it did not accumulate, to approve changes to key appointments, and to exercise oversight over the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau and decisions of the Executive under the Internal Security Act[5] and the Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act. [68] For the 2017 presidential election, the members of the PEC are Eddie Teo (chairman), Lim Soo Hoon, Chan Heng Chee, Po'ad Shaik Abu Bakar Mattar, Tay Yong Kwang, and Peter Seah. 1955-1956 Dr C Subramaniam. The Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau's powers of investigation derive from the Prevention of Corruption Act (. [82] Legal changes introduced in 2010 made the eve of polling day a "cooling-off day" – campaigning must not take place on that day and on polling day itself. [72] If there is only one candidate nominated, he or she is declared to have been elected president. Presidents have also used the office to champion charitable causes. 45. Constitution, Art. 1960-1961 Dr P Oorjitham. The president of Singapore appoints as Prime Minister a member of Parliament (MP) who, in his or her opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs. 44(2)(d). Constitution, Art. 8 February 2002, Singapore) was the fifth president of Singapore and ... S. R. Nathan Sellapan Ramanathan (b. [66] In particular, the PEC must be satisfied that the potential candidates are persons of integrity, good character and reputation;[49] and if they have not previously held certain key government offices or acted as chairman of the board of directors or CEO of a company incorporated or registered under the Companies Act with shareholders' equity of at least $500 million, that they held a position of comparable seniority and responsibility in the public or private sector that has given them experience and ability in administering and managing financial affairs. SINGAPORE: President Halimah Yacob dissolved Parliament on Tuesday (Jun 23) on the advice of Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, the Prime Minister's Office (PMO) said. [71] A deposit must also be paid. A person shall not be disqualified under this clause by reason only of anything done by him before he became a citizen of Singapore: Constitution, Art. Your email address will not be published. [21] As the president exercises this constitutional function in accordance with Cabinet's advice and not in their personal discretion except in certain circumstances,[22] in general he or she may not refuse to assent to bills that Parliament has validly passed. [54] The PEC consists of the chairman of the Public Service Commission, who is also the chairman of the PEC,[67] the chairman of the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority, and a member of the Presidential Council for Minority Rights. "Parliament approves increase in President's salary, expenditure", Text of the Constitution at Singapore Statutes Online, Constitution of the Republic of Singapore Tribunal, Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act, Liquor Control (Supply and Consumption) Act 2015, British Military Administration (1945–1946), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=President_of_Singapore&oldid=1000225613, Lists of political office-holders in Singapore, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chairman of the Council of Presidential Advisors. [98], Class IV expenses for "special services" are $550,000. President's Portrait & Insignia. In January 1991, the Constitution[4] was amended to provide for the popular election of the president, a major constitutional and political change in Singapore's history. If the chairman of the Council of Presidential Advisers is not available, the speaker of the Parliament performs the duties of the president. Background. [69], In addition, candidates must obtain political donation certificates from the registrar of political donations stating that they have complied with the Political Donations Act,[70] and file their nomination papers with the returning officer on nomination day. [75] Permits must be obtained to hold election meetings[76] and display posters and banners,[77] and a number of acts are unlawful, including bribery,[78] dissuading electors from voting,[79] making false statements about candidates,[80] treating[81] and undue influence. [88] A candidate or his or her counting agent may ask the returning officer for a recount of votes if the difference between the number of votes for the candidate with the most votes and any other candidate's number of votes is 2% or less. He was re-elected on 17 August 2005; both his election came on walkovers without any opposing contestants. [34] He or she also appoints as Prime Minister a member of Parliament (MP) who, in his or her personal judgment, is likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs. Sweet Singapore © 2021. Wee Kim Wee was the first president to exercise custodial powers pursuant to the constitutional amendments of 1991. 17(3); Presidential Elections Act (. How much does a Vice President make in Singapore, Singapore? The first popularly elected president was Ong Teng Cheong, a former cabinet minister. The President's Design Award, which honours Singapore designs and designers, has named its three Designers of the Year for 2015. The words of enactment in Singapore statutes are: "Be it enacted by the president with the advice and consent of the Parliament of Singapore, as follows:". The Istana, one of Singapore's oldest heritage sites, turned 150 in 2019. A person who wishes to run for the office of president has to fulfil stringent qualifications set out in the Constitution, which are as follows: The strictness of these qualifications led to the 1999, 2005, and 2017 elections being walkovers as only one candidate had qualified on nomination day. [25], The president has been called "Singapore's No. [23] The president usually opens each Parliamentary session with an address drafted by the Cabinet setting out the Government's agenda for the session,[24] and may address Parliament and send messages to it. The Presidential Standard is flown at the Istana in the day, when the President is in the country. Published November 19, 2020, Your email address will not be published. The Cabinet is responsible for all government policies and the day-to-day administration of the affairs of state. [2][3]. [83], Polling day is a public holiday,[84] and voting is compulsory. Rejected and tendered votes are excluded. Assuming a writ for a presidential election has not yet been issued before the vacation of office or, if it has been issued, has been, Constitution, Art. All other laws in the land are subordinate to the constitution. [35] The president has certain powers of oversight over the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau[36] and decisions of the Executive under the Internal Security Act[37] and the Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act. 45(2). Required fields are marked *. List of presidents of Singapore. If not, the overseas votes may be decisive. The Constitution of Singapore is the country’s supreme law and has been in effect since its enactment on December 22nd, 1965. Constitution, Art. 21(5). SINGAPORE: Four young Singaporeans were awarded the President’s Scholarship in a ceremony at the Istana on Thursday (Aug 15). This was a result of transitional provisions in the Constitution of Singapore in 2017,[8] which were affirmed by the High Court following a legal challenge by presidential hopeful Tan Cheng Bock. Constitution, Art. SINGAPORE — At a Chinese New Year event his school hosted for senior citizens when he was 13, Alden Tan Ming Yang said, Some Singaporeans online have pointed out that Wikipedia has featured current President Halimah Yacob in a list of prominent Indians in Singapore. From eRepublik Official Wiki. [102], Head of state of the Republic of Singapore, சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசுத் தலைவர் Ciṅkappūr kuṭiyaracut talaivar, List of presidents of the Republic of Singapore. 22G. [32] In addition, the president may withhold assent to any Supply Bill, Supplementary Supply Bill or Final Supply Bill for any financial year if in his or her opinion the estimates of revenue and expenditure, supplementary estimates or statement of excess are likely to lead to a drawing on past reserves. among them are two women who will be launching out after their tertiary education into male preserves. The national constitution sets strict eligibility conditions for the presidency. 3 He was succeeded by S. R. Nathan, who was elected unopposed in 1999 and 2005, and held office for two six … The Prime Minister leads the Cabinet in the administration of the Government. The president is nominally vested with executive authority, but in practice that authority is exercised by the Cabinet led by the prime minister of Singapore. Nathan was returned unopposed on Nomination Day in 1999 and 2005. not hold any other office created or recognised by the Constitution; not actively engage in any commercial enterprise; not be a member of any political party; and, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 05:28. The president can also examine the administration's enforcement of the Internal Security Act[5] and Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act,[6] and authorise corruption investigations (see below). She is first Malay head of state in 47 years since the death of Yusof Ishak, Singapore's first president. His first term of office was from 1 September 1999 to 31 August 2005. Washington finished behind only Abraham Lincoln in the inaugural presidential poll of historians by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Sr., first published in 1948. Former deputy prime minister, Tony Kan Keng Yam, Former member of parliament, Tan Cheng Bock. 1958-1959 Hon Yung Sen. 1959-1960 Dr Chee Phui Hung. [61] If the office of president becomes vacant before the incumbent's term expires, a poll for an election must be held within six months. [60] The office falls vacant upon the expiry of the incumbent's term or if the president is for some reason unable to complete their term; for example, due to death, resignation, or removal from office for misconduct or mental or physical infirmity. It replaced the office of Yang di-Pertuan Negara, which had been created when Singapore attained self-government in 1959. Singapore hasn’t had a Malay president since the country’s first President Yusof Ishak, who served as head of state from 1965 to 1970. The president must not be subject to any of the following disqualifications: The president must be a person of integrity, good character and reputation. This allowance is used to cover the maintenance of the Istana, vehicles, utilities and other supplies, as well as for ceremonies and celebrations. Jump to: navigation, search. The person elected to the office of president assumes office on the day his predecessor ceases to hold office or, if the office is vacant, on the day following his election. In other cases, he or she may consult the CPA if he or she wishes to but is not bound to do so. [64] The process begins when the prime minister issues a writ of election to the returning officer specifying the date and place of nomination day. As of 2011, the endeavour had raised more than S$100 million for charities supporting disabled and needy people. The election was won by Tony Tan Keng Yam with 745,693 (35.19%) of valid votes. [17] In most cases, the president is bound to exercise their powers in accordance with the advice of the Cabinet or a minister acting under the Cabinet's general authority. The privy purse was reduced from $4,267,500 after the president accepted the Ministerial Salaries Review Committee's recommendations on the matter. [73] Otherwise, the returning officer issues a notice of contested election specifying when polling day will be. [26] Ambassadors and high commissioners accredited to Singapore present their credentials to the president, and the president is called upon by visiting foreign leaders. Owing to personal problems, Nair stepped down in 1985 and was replaced by Wee Kim Wee, who served as president until 1993. List of World Presidents and Prime Ministers 2020 [Full Updated] ExamGuru 11:00 AM President and Prime Minister of all Countries 2020 PDF: Government exam paper of Current Affairs General Knowledge on the Prime Minister and the President of a country, 1-2 questions are definitely asked. In this assortment, I added some appealing videos about singapore president. 2 After the legislation on elected presidency came into effect on 30 November 1991, Singapore held its first presidential election on 28 August 1993 and Ong Teng Cheong became the country’s first elected president. S.R. Wee Kim Wee promoted sports and volunteerism; and Ong Teng Cheong culture and the arts, particularly music. He was replaced by Benjamin Sheares after his death, who served as President until his dea… Just relax with by watching them and listen to the relaxing music. I, [name], having been elected President of the Republic of Singapore, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully discharge my duties as such to the best of my ability without fear or favour, affection or ill-will, and without regard to any previous affiliation with any political party, and that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Republic, and that I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore. Yusof Bin Ishak Thus, a guarantee may only be given or a loan raised by the Government if the president concurs,[29] and his or her approval is also needed for budgets of specified statutory boards and Government companies that draw on their past reserves. Elected presidents were to serve for a six-year term, while the presidency has no term limits. [74], During the election period, a candidate may not spend more than $600,000 or 30 cents for each person on the electoral register, whichever is greater. Constitution, Arts. It replaced the office of Yang di-Pertuan Negara, which had been created when Singapore attained self-government in 1959. The prime minister of the Republic of Singapore is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore and the country's most powerful political figure. Singapore has a parliamentary system of government. They were Yusof, Benjamin Henry Sheares, C. V. Devan Nair and Wee Kim Wee. The Singapore Parliament is unicameral and together with the President of Singapore is known as the Legislature. [101] Overall, the current civil list of $9,491,100 represents a decrease of about 18% from the sum for the past fiscal year of $11,605,000. Constitution, Art. [55][56], In November 2016, further amendments provide for "reserved elections" for a particular racial group (Chinese, Malay and Indian/other minority) — if that community has not been represented for five presidential terms. [26], The powers of the president of Singapore are divided into those which the president may exercise in their own discretion, and those their must exercise in accordance with the advice of the Cabinet of Singapore or of a minister acting under the general authority of the Cabinet. PEA, s. 62A(2), inserted by the Presidential Elections (Amendment) Act 2010 (No. In view of the ongoing global economic slowdown and effects of the COVID-19 outbreak, the government has announced that the Singapore President and all cabinet ministers, including the Prime Minister, will be taking a one-month pay cut.. Perhaps it is timely to examine how much of a financial impact this will have, or whether the pay cut is an insignificant drop in the bucket from a … Singapore's longest-serving president was S.R. 19(4), read with Art. Singapore’s Presidents Madam Halimah Yacob, 63, is set to become Singapore's first female President. Constitution, Arts. After the Constitution was amended in 1991, the term of President Wee was fixed to end on 1 September 1993. [9][10][11] He appealed against this decision, but the Court of Appeal also dismissed it.[12]. The returning officer then states the number of votes cast for each candidate and the date and location where the overseas votes will be counted.[90]. The President of the Republic of Singapore is the country's head of state. The President as a Head of State appoints the Prime Minister, a Member of Parliament who commands a confidence of the majority of the MPs. 19(2)(c) read with Art. According to Article 19 of the Singapore Constitution, to qualify for election as President, a person must: Be a Singapore citizen; Be at least 45 years old; Have his or her name appear in a current register of electors; Be resident in Singapore for at least 10 … The President’s Scholarship is widely regarded as Singapore’s most prestigious undergraduate scholarship. The president must not be a member of any, The president must have for a period of not less than three years held office —, as the most senior executive of a company with an average of $500 million in, in any other similar or comparable position of seniority and responsibility in any other organisation or department of equivalent size or complexity in the. 1956-1957 Lim Kim San. The office of President also becomes vacant if it is determined that the election of the President was void and no other person was duly elected as President, or if on the expiration of the incumbent's term the person declared elected as President fails to take office: Arts. 22 January 1936, Singapore–d. He was not elected by the people in a vote, but became president by virtue of being the sole candidate deemed qualified by the Presidential Elections Committee. [1] The first president elected by popular vote was Ong Teng Cheong, who served from 1993 to 1999. Dr. Colin K. … After he stepped down, Tony Tan won the 27 August 2011 presidential election by a narrow 0.34% margin. Speaking in Parliament on 10 March 2011, Minister for Finance Tharman Shanmugaratnam explained that this sum was to cater for the salaries of an additional staff officer to support the work of the Council of Presidential Advisers, and a butler manager; and to meet higher variable staff salary payments due to the nation's strong economic growth. Salaries estimates are based on 591 salaries submitted anonymously to Glassdoor by Vice President employees in Singapore, Singapore. Ong Teng Cheong (b. The sum was used to fund the Government's Resilience Package consisting of two schemes aimed at preserving jobs and businesses during the financial downturn.[41]. Upon his assumption of office, the president is required to take and subscribe in the presence of the chief justice or of another justice of the Supreme Court the Oath of Office, which states:[94]. SINGAPORE - Five young Singaporeans were awarded the President's Scholarship on Wednesday (Aug 16) evening at the Istana. Constitution, Arts. 11 of 2010) ("PEAA"). In the case when the president is unable to perform their duties, their powers are temporarily transferred to the chairman of the Council of Presidential Advisers (CPA). 19(3)(c) and Art 19(4)(b). 1957-1958 Dr V Thambipillai. The constitution was amended in November 1991, making the provision for a president to be elected by Singaporean citizens. Ed. The sixth president was S. R. Nathan. List of Singaporean prime ministers, leaders and heads of state. Constitution, Art. [98], The salaries for the president's personal staff (Class II) amount to $4,532,400. The last Yang di-Pertuan Negara, Yusof bin Ishak, became the first President. If so, the returning officer declares the candidate with the highest number of votes to be elected as President. [15] The executive authority of the nation is vested in the president and exercisable by them or by the Cabinet or any minister authorised by the Cabinet. The last Yang di-Pertuan Negara, Yusof Ishak, became the first president. A series of events and activities were held over the past year to commemorate this landmark anniversary. ABOUT > About Us > Past Presidents. In 2016, further amendments were passed providing for "reserved elections" for a particular ethnic community, if that community has not provided a president in the past five presidential terms. However, the Singapore Government has, on the advice of the Attorney-General's Chambers,[7] deemed Ong's predecessor Wee Kim Wee the first elected president, on the basis that he had held and exercised the powers of the elected president. The president must be resident in Singapore at the date of their nomination for election, and must have been so resident for periods amounting in the aggregate to not less than ten years prior to that date. The office of president was created in 1965 after Singapore became a republic upon its secession from the Federation of Malaysia that year. At No. 19(7). 20(1) to (3) and the 1st Sch. Singapore has named its first female president, Halimah Yacob. Nathan established the President's Challenge with the Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports and its statutory board, the National Council of Social Service. On the advice of the Prime Minister, the President appoints other ministers from among the Members of Parliament to form the Cabinet. I hope this assortment can make you a lot of fun. 21(2)(e), 21(2)(f), 22B and 22D. 32B(1) and (4). 1954-1955 K M Byrne. [85] Voters must go to the polling stations assigned to them. [38], The term of office of the first elected president, Ong Teng Cheong (1993–1999), was marked by differences between him and the Government concerning the extent of his discretionary fiscal powers. Under the revision, the president is empowered to veto the use of the country's past reserves and key civil service appointments. Cap. 21(2)(h), 22I; MRHA, s. 12. In 2000, S.R. The National Assembly ha… A. S.R. Parliamentary Elections Act, 2007 Rev. The disqualification of a person under clauses (d) and (e) may be removed by the President and shall, if not so removed, cease at the end of five years beginning from the date on which the return mentioned in clause (d) was required to be lodged or, as the case may be, the date on which the person convicted as mentioned in clause (e) was released from custody or the date on which the fine mentioned in clause (1) (e) was imposed on such person: Constitution, Art. The increase was to cater for higher expenses for maintaining computer systems, buildings and land, and to account for inflation. 22L(1)(d) and (e). The president's name must appear in a current register of electors. 1 diplomat". Following the Westminster system, the position is largely ceremonial, but enjoys several reserve powers including withholding presidential assent on supply bills and changing or revoking civil service appointments.The current system of holding elections for the Presidency began with the 1993 election. Nathan who served from 1999 to 2011 and the only living former president was Tony Tan who served from 2011 to 2017. Constitution, Art. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. singapore's 11 president scholars received their awards from president dr benjamin henry sheares in a floodlit ceremony at the istana. [14], The president is the head of state of Singapore. The 2011 presidential election was the first election with a ballot since the 1993 election, and was also Singapore's first presidential election contested by more than two candidates. A person who wishes to run for the office of president has to fulfil stringent qualifications set out in the Constitution, which are as follows: Presidential Elections (Posters and Banners) Regulations (, PEA, ss. The President is the head of state of Singapore. Halimah Yacob is the incumbent Singaporean president since 2017 after being elected unopposed at the presidential election in the same year. [86] After the poll closes, the presiding officer of each polling station seals the ballot boxes without opening them. As a result of constitutional amendments passed in 1991, the presidency became a popularly elected office with certain custodial powers, particularly over government expenditure and key appointments to public offices. 45(2). [2] Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong later explained that while he expected the "reserved election" policy to be unpopular among the population, he believed it was "the right thing to do". The scholarship is awarded to students who have distinguished themselves beyond excellence in academic pursuits and co-curricular activities. The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore.The President of Singapore chooses as Prime Minister a Member of Parliament (MP) who, he thinks, will have the highest chance of being supported by a majority of MPs.. Below is a list of Singapore’s presidents since the country gained independence. [63], The procedure for elections is laid out in the Presidential Elections Act. Before 1993, the president was chosen by the Parliament of Singapore. Investigation Bureau 's powers of Investigation derive from the date on which They assume office $.! As Singapore ’ s Scholarship in a current register singapore president list electors 's heritage... Candidate with the fifth Schedule 17 ( 3 ) ( e ) Yusof, Benjamin Henry Sheares, V.! 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