[4] Other articles where Secretariat is discussed: China: Constitutional framework: …Political Bureau itself, and the Secretariat—has varied a great deal, and from 1966 until the late 1970s the Secretariat did not function at all. The Minister-Secretary of State gives technical and administrative assistance to the President and Vice President in running State affairs. [3], On 28 June 1988, John Paul II promulgated the apostolic constitution Pastor bonus,[4] which introduced a reform of the Roman Curia and divided the Secretariat of State into two sections: the Section for General Affairs and the Section for Relations with States, which incorporated the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church. He is, in many ways, the counterpart, at the state level, of the Cabinet Secretary. With the apostolic constitution Sapienti Consilio of 29 June 1908, Saint Pius X divided the Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs in the form fixed by the Codex Iuris Canonici of 1917 (Can. Although having the Constitutional status of Government members, the secretaries of State do not usually participate in the Council of Ministers, unless summoned for certain meetings and, in those cases, without right to vote. In the 19th century, the title of "minister" started to be used, the official complete title of each of the ministers becoming "minister and secretary of State of a given portfolio" until the end of the Monarchy in 1910. The organization of the governments of Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and São Tome and Príncipe closely mirrors the Portuguese government model. In Portugal, a secretary of State (Portuguese: secretário de Estado, masculine; secretária de Estado, feminine; secretários de Estado, plural) is a junior minister, of intermediate rank between that of cabinet minister and that of under-secretary of State. Typically, there is one State Secretary assigned for each minister in the cabinet, and two for the Prime Minister. The Secretary is usually a senior IAS officer, a generalist. Secretary of State is the member of the State Executive Council, appointed by the Governor (in Malacca, Penang, Sabah and Sarawak) or the Sultan (except in Negeri Sembilan, appointed by the Yang DiPertuan Besar; and Perlis, appointed by the (Raja of Perlis). The title was abolished in 1972 and replaced with the new nomenclature, Minister of Foreign Affairs. Nevertheless, they are the administrative head of the ministry. Which is correct spelling- Secretariat or secretariate? All the while they are paid very generously due to receiving two salaries, both as secretary of state and as member of parliament. It is headed by the Cardinal Secretary of State and performs all the political and diplomatic functions of the Holy See. The United States secretary of state is the foreign minister of the federal government of the United States while in most of the individual U.S. states the secretary of state is an administrative officer responsible for certain governmental functions, often including overseeing elections. The secretary is a senior administration officer of generalist variety. The United Kingdom was formed by the union of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland in 1801. The Section for General Affairs is headed by an archbishop known as the Substitute for General Affairs, or more formally, Substitute for General Affairs to the Secretary of State. The Convention Secretariat is an entity hosted by the World Health Organization in Geneva and cooperates with relevant departments of WHO and other competent international organizations and bodies, and non-governmental organizations accredited as observers to the Conference of the Parties. Pope Francis added a third unit, the Section for Diplomatic Staff, in November 2017.[5]. In the United States federal government, "Secretary of State" refers to the official responsible for executing the non-military and non-homeland security aspects of foreign policy, the analogue of the foreign secretary or foreign minister of a country that has one or the other. Some years later, Pope Leo XII changed its name to the Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs (Latin: Sacra Congregatio pro Negotiis Ecclesiasticis Extraordinariis), which remained its title until 1967 when Pope Paul VI separated this body from the Secretariat of State, calling it the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church. They are given specific briefs, covering the same briefs as the ministers, and help to assist their respective ministers to perform their functions. There is in theory only one office of Secretary of State,[6] and legislation generally refers only to "the Secretary of State". Who is the head of the Secretariate? Despite this type of departament no longer officially existing in the organization of the Portuguese Government, it is still common usage for the portfolio of a secretary of State to be colloquially referred to as a "secretariat of State". The Secretary for Relations with States is often called the foreign minister of the Holy See, and the Under-Secretary is often called the deputy foreign minister. When Cardinal Pell had to take a leave of absence in 2017 to go back to Australia and face infamous allegations, of which he was later acquitted, the Secretariat for the Economy’s work got stalled. In Liberia, from 1847 until 1972, the Secretary of State was the head of the Department of State and the chief foreign policy officer of the republic, responsible for conducting diplomacy and implementing the nation's foreign affairs. [2] On December 21, 2012 President Obama announced his choice for secretary of state during his second term, Senator John Kerry. The Secretariat of State (in latin Secretaria Status, in italian Segreteria di Stato) is the oldest dicastery in the Roman Curia, the central papal governing bureaucracy of the Catholic Church. He is also in charge of all the diplomatic representatives in Kuwait. A third Secretary of State for the Colonies existed from 1768. narrower title Secretary of Foreign Affairs and the corresponding departmental name; the change reflected the addition of some miscellaneous domestic responsibilities.[1]. At its heart are the WTO agreements, the legal ground-rules for international commerce and for trade policy. At state level, the Brazilian secretaries of State have functions similar to those of the Ministers of the Federal Government. The Secretary of State usually served as Chief Minister (See List of Prime Ministers of Spain). Secretaries of state do not fall under the constitutional provision that there should be an equal number of French and Dutch-speaking ministers (with the possible exception of the Prime Minister). This gave a new face to the Secretariat of State, suppressing the Chancery of Apostolic Briefs, formerly the third section, and transforming the former first section, the Sacred Congregation for the Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, into a body distinct from the Secretariat of State, though closely related to it, which was to be known as the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church. The title is conferred by the Swiss Federal Council on heads of federal offices whose duties entail independent interaction with senior foreign authorities (cf. However, the State Secretary cannot attend a Council of State and the only minister is constitutionally responsible for all the statssekretær's decisions in office. Close. Offices and Departments at Headquarters in New York Executive Office of the Secretary-General The chief secretary Is the head of the entire state secretariat while a secretary is a head of one or two departments. The title secretary of state or state secretary[note 1] is commonly used for senior or mid-level posts in governments around the world. In addition, the State Secretary provides the President and Vice President with their reports, coordinates household matters and protocols, as well as assisting in the drafting of bills and/or Governmental regulations. The top civil servant in a government department is called Secretary-General (secretaris-generaal). This is a new arrangement; during the introduction of this model, a secretary was called "political state secretary" (poliittinen valtiosihteeri). Under the Ancien Régime, Secretaries of State were Crown officers whose responsibilities were similar to those of today's governmental ministers. Since 1998, the office of Kulturstaatsminister has been held by Michael Naumann (1998–2001), Julian Nida-Rümelin (2001–2002), Christina Weiss (2002–2005), Bernd Neumann (2005-2013) and Monika Grütters (since 2013). By a gradual process between then and the 1960s, most of the ministers of the British cabinet became secretaries of state. The Secretariat has an important role in setting the agenda for the deliberative and decision-making bodies of the UN (the General Assembly, Ec… The Secretariat is the United Nations' executive arm. The United Nations Secretariat (French: Secrétariat des Nations unies) is one of the six major organs of the United Nations, with the others being (a) the General Assembly; (b) the Security Council; (c) the Economic and Social Council; (d) the defunct Trusteeship Council; and (e) the International Court of Justice. In the Kingdom of England, before 1660, an officer entitled Secretary of State came into being near the end of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603), the usual title before that having been King's Clerk, King's Secretary, or Principal Secretary. The Chief Secretary is the head of the entire secretariat while a Secretary is the head of one or two departments. Head of State is een Amerikaanse komische film uit 2003 van en met Chris Rock, met verder onder meer Bernie Mac. In practice, there are a number of secretaries of state, each of whom can exercise some of the functions of the Secretary of State,[6] and are formally titled "Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for ...". Al-Sabah is a member of the cabinet of ministers, and reports directly to Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, The Emir of Kuwait. Luxembourgian Secretaries of State (French: secrétaire d'Etat, Luxembourgish: Staatssekretär(in), German: Staatssekretär(in)) are members of the cabinet, and are ranked below ministers. Unlike ministers, state secretaries are not members of the cabinet. The Executive Secretariat (S/ES), comprised of the Executive Secretary, five Deputy Executive Secretaries, and their staff, is responsible for coordination of the work of the Department internally, serving as the liaison between the Department’s bureaus and the offices of the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, and Under Secretaries. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. For historical reasons, the State Secretary in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs has another title (Swedish: Kabinettssekreterare, in English literally "Cabinet Secretary"). The Head of Secretariat will be the Task Team Leader (TTL) for the PEFA trust fund, if the Head is eligible according to the World Bank's rules concerning conflict-of-interest, appointment type and accreditation for that function. Otherwise the World Bank will appoint an eligible staff member as trust fund TTL. On 28 June 1988, John Paul II promulgated the apostolic constitution Pastor bonus, which introduced a reform of the Roman Curia and divided the Secretariat of State into two sections: the Section for General Affairs and the Section for Relations with States, which incorporated the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church. He or she is responsible for the administration of United States embassies and their subsidiary units throughout the world. From 1715 to 1834 the Secretarios de Estado y del Despacho were the heads of different government departments. Balke moti is the head of the secretariat and he is appointed by general assembly. The Organization of American States (OAS) is the world's oldest regional organization, dating back to the First International Conference of American States, held in Washington, D.C., from October 1889 to April 1890. She was confirmed on January 21, 2009, the day after Obama's inauguration and is the third woman to hold the position. At that meeting the establishment of the International Union of American Republics was approved. Ministers, who lead ministries (government departments), comprise the Finnish Government. The Secretary of State (Secretario de Estado) in Argentina (federal government) is a high official with the same rank of a Minister, who is responsible directly to the President. The Civilian Secretariat exercises its powers and performs its functions without fear, favour or prejudice in the interest of the maintenance of effective and efficient policing and a high standard of professional ethics in the Police Service. With the apostolic constitution Regimini Ecclesiae universae[2] of 15 August 1967, Pope Paul VI reformed the Roman Curia, implementing the desire expressed by the bishops in the Second Vatican Council. ADVERTISEMENTS: The Chief Secretary is the administrative head of state administration in India. The current Substitute for General Affairs to the Secretary of State is Archbishop Edgar Peña Parra. While officially it is not a political office, often it is assigned by appointment based on political criteria such as party affiliation, rather than by career progression as a civil servant. From 1660 there were always two secretaries of state, between whom oversight of foreign affairs was divided on a geographical basis while domestic affairs were shared: the Northern Secretary and the Southern Secretary. As the chief coordinator of the state secretariat and other administrative departments and as head of the civil service, he is the pivot of the state governance […] There is in any case a partial overlap of membership among these organs and between these top CCP bodies and the Standing Committee of the State… In the state of Oregon the secretary of state is an elected office that acts as the equivalent of a lieutenant governor in other states among many other duties. In present-day organisation of the Spanish Government a Secretario de Estado is a junior minister. There are also three secretaries of State in the government of the Brussels-Capital Region, one of whom has to be Flemish. The role varies between countries, and in some cases there are multiple secretaries of state in the government. The German Parliamentary Commission for Culture and the Media (Ausschuss für Kultur und Medien im Deutschen Bundestag) serves in place of a proper ministry for this department. Each State Party is represented by a representative who is proposed to the Credential Committee by the Head Of State of government or the Minister of Foreign Affairs (Chapter IV of the Rules of Procedure of the Assembly of States Parties). The specific powers and duties of this office depend on the constitution and laws of the particular state, but they often include responsibility for overseeing elections within the state. The Secretary of State (Riigisekretär) directs the Government Office. The U.S. secretary of state has the power to remove any foreign diplomat from U.S. soil for any reason. In most of the individual states of the United States, the Secretary of State is an administrative officer responsible for certain governmental functions. The current Secretary for Relations with States is Archbishop Paul Gallagher. Some of them may, in specific circumstances, call themselves Minister when visiting a foreign country. The current Undersecretary for Relations with States is Francesca Di Giovanni, the first woman to hold this office. The position is widely regarded as the most senior in the Cabinet. However, every state in Malaysia have their own State Secretary, except federal territories. In 1707, England and Scotland were merged into the Kingdom of Great Britain, and there was a third Secretary of State for Scotland until 1746. In Mozambique, the role of vice-minister (Portuguese: vice-ministro) exists as an intermediate government rank between those of minister and Secretary of State. The role of vice-minister also exists in the Government of Angola, but it is junior to that of Secretary of State. [3] Controversial investments which were made by the Vatican Secretariat of State department also became subject to a corruption investigation. Each ministry may have one or several Secretaries of State. When any policy is made in the Cabinet Secretariat there must be signature of Prime Minister and Cabinet Secretary of India. The Commonwealth The Commonwealth is a voluntary association of 54 independent and equal countries. In the President's case, the Minister-Secretary of State also provides assistance for the President in his role as Commander-in-chief of Indonesian National Armed Forces. [4] During a sede vacante, the former Secretary of State (the appointment expires when the pope dies or resigns) assumes some of the functions of the head of state as a part of a temporary commission.[5]. The State Secretary is the head of the public service in his/her state. Since 1993, some junior ministers have been styled Secretary of State, and assigned in specific policy areas to assist Cabinet ministers. It is usually a politically appointed position, although in some countries, such as Germany and Sweden, it can be filled by a member of the executive bureaucracy (civil service) as a political appointment (equivalent to permanent secretary). In the first Juncker-Asselborn cabinet, there was one Secretary of State, Octavie Modert, who is responsible for Relations with Parliament; Agriculture, Viticulture, and Rural Development; and Culture, Higher Education, and Research. Answer. In mid-1930s, the Central Secretariat contained only twenty-nine secretaries, who were all members of the Indian Civil Service.The salary for a member of this rank and post was fixed at Rs. The Cabinet Secretariat is under the direct charge of the Prime Minister. Asked by Wiki User. It is headed by the UN secretary-general. His term ended on March 13, 2018, when he was fired by President Trump. The Secretariat is divided into three sections, the Section for General Affairs, the Section for Relations with States, and, since 2017, the Section for Diplomatic Staff.[1]. This happens usually when the government or the minister changes. From 1867 to 1993, there was also a Secretary of State for Canada who was a Cabinet minister whose duties varied over time but who was responsible for the Department of Secretary of State until the position was abolished. His term ended on March 13, 2018, when being fired by President Trump. De facto such a provisional retirement is lifelong. Tillerson was succeeded by former congressman and then current director of the CIA Mike Pompeo, on April 26, 2018. The position must be distinguished from a "Secretary", a lower position, responsible to a Minister. The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or SG) is the head of the executive branch of the United Nations (the Secretariat) and is the head of state and government of the UN, and the commander-in-chief of the United Nations Navy.. In the Holy See, the administrative body of the Catholic Church, the cardinal secretary of state coordinates all the departments of the Roman Curia (and is in that respect equivalent to a prime minister). They depend on the full confidence of their minister and can at any time be posted into provisional retirement with their pension paid in full. In case of administration at the state level, the Governor is the head of the state. 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