It also stipulates that no law that is inconsistent with the basic tenets of Shari'a can be enacted. Although the bulk of this sentiment comes from Somalis in the diaspora, there are also many Somalis from their home country, Somalia, who discuss their disbelief in religion, although covertly. Pastoralist communities represent 60 per cent of Somalia’s population. The US government estimates the total population at 10.3 million (July 2013 estimate). The 637,657 square km country houses a population of around 14.3 million individuals. Members of other religious groups combined constitute less than 1 percent of the population and include a small Christian community, a small Sufi Muslim community, and an unknown number of Shia Muslims. In many regions, activity by Salafi groups further restricts religious freedom, as individuals are afraid of reprisal. In the case of the Bantu, these religious traditions were inherited from their ancestors in Southeast Africa, and include the practice of possession dances and the use of magic and curses. Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.; Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14. , Most residents of Somalia are Muslims, of which some sources state that Sunnism is the strand practised by 90% of the population, whereof in particular the Shafi'i school of Islamic jurisprudence is practiced. In 1913, during the early part of the colonial era, there were virtually no Christians in the Somali territories, with only about 100–200 followers coming from the schools and orphanages of the few Catholic missions in the British Somaliland protectorate. Population 15 million (UN, 2015) ... Arabic, Italian, English . The two-mihrab Masjid al-Qiblatayn dates to the 7th century, and is the oldest mosque in the country, in the city of Zeila, which Ibn Battuta described as a Shiite city in the 14th century, and remained as such until Ottoman expansionism attempted to incorporate Horner and/or Cushite Sultans along the Horn African coast in the late 16th century.  Many of the exact ancient practices of waaqism are to some extent speculative, however analysts have used various methods to envisage or conceptualize the ancient inferences of the religion, including explicating from the analogous Oromo concept of Waaqeffannaa which has in many ways overlaps with Waaqism. Reported discourse: A meeting ground for different linguistic domains. A small population of Shia Muslims also live in the country. Somalia. Additionally, Article 17 protects freedom of religion. Article 11 guarantees equal rights and freedom from persecution for all citizens before the law regardless of religion. "The political conditions for local peacemaking: A comparative study of communal conflict resolution in Kenya."  There was a marked and pronounced difference in prehistoric forms of worship among Low-land Cushitic Horners, and that of the ancient proto-Somali Waaqists. Somalia - Religion . Somalia Religion, Economy and Politics Most of the people are Muslims, with the majority being Sunni. Religious leaders should exercise their moral influence but refrain from interfering in political or economic matters. The country is prone to recurring droughts, frequent du… Puntland is an autonomous unionist state in the northeast of Somalia that was formed in 1998. People & Culture: Population 8,025,190 note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2003 est.) Comparative Political Studies 52.13-14 (2019): 2061-2096. http://www.globalreligiousfutures.org/countries/somalia#/?affiliations_religion_id=0&affiliations_year=2020®ion_name=All%20Countries&restrictions_year=2016, "Middle East Policy Council – Muslim Populations Worldwide", "The Federal Republic of Somalia - Provisional Constitution", https://hiiraan.com/news4/2020/July/179159/scores_killed_in_mass_shooting_in_mogadishu.aspx?utm_source=hiiraan&utm_medium=SomaliNewsUpdateFront, "A Country Study: Somalia from The Library of Congress", pages The Integrated Quranic Schools Pilot Project: The Strategic Partnership for Recovery and Development of Education in Somalia, "Almost expunged: Somalia's Embattled Christians", "The Global Religious Landscape, Religious groups 2010", https://www.somaliaffairs.com/features/islam-modernity-and-somali-youths/, International Religious Freedom Report 2017 Somalia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_Somalia&oldid=996210629, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 04:49. Christianity is a minority religion in Somalia, with no more than 1,000 practitioners (about 0.01% of the population). Cohen, David, Marie-Claude Simeone-Senelle, and Martine Vanhove. Population (2019 est.) Islam is the official religion of the state and nearly the entire population is affiliated to Sunni Islam.  Sources differ on whether Waaqism was henotheistic or monotheistic. Somali women have more freedom to be educated, work and travel than many Muslim women, but are nonetheless traditionally charged with all domestic tasks. disorders or psychosocial problems due to distinct cultural and religious conceptualisations of mental health and psychosocial wellbeing. According to the federal Ministry of Religious Affairs, more than 99 percent of the Somali population is Sunni Muslim. No exemptions from application of sharia legal principles exist for non-Muslims.  The Qaadiriya order is named after Shaikh Muhiuddin Abdul Qadir Gilani of Baghdad. Kirwan, Laurence Patrick. , Due to the Somali Civil War, the enforcement of laws pertaining to religion by the various autonomous governments in the region is inconsistent. "The grammaticalization of ‘say’and ‘do’: An areal phenomenon in East Africa." The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. Definition: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. American Journal of International Relations 3.1 (2018): 1-10. Northeast African Studies 18.1-2 (2018): 271-310. That's what I call home. Somalis frequently use wordplay and humor in everyday communication. It is delivered in Arabic. Islam is strongly linked to the Somali national identity, providing a unified identity for all Somalis regardless of their clan affiliations or cultural backgrounds. , There are two theories about when Somalis began adopting Islam. This year, an additional 575,000 Somalis have been displaced from January to November adding to more than four million Somalis in need of humanitarian assistance. People & Culture: Ethnic Groups By Oishimaya Sen Nag on April 4 2018 in Society.  In the late 9th century, Al-Yaqubi wrote that Muslims were living along the northern Somali seaboard. In the late 9th century, Al-Yaqubi wrote that Muslims were living along the northern Somali seaboard. "Ottoman Efforts to Protect Somalia from European Powers." Zeila's two-mihrab Masjid al-Qiblatayn dates to the 7th century, and is the oldest mosque in the city. The Christian population in the country grew only slightly during the colonial era. "IDENTITY AND BODY BORDERS: THE PERCEPTION OF THE KENYA SOMALIA BORDER." (2015). , Ahmadiyah and its sub-sect Salihiyyah preached a puritanical form of Islam, and have rejected the popular Sufi practice of tawassul (visiting the tombs of saints to ask mediation). The country has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean, the longest in African mainland. The religion came in Somalia only recently.  SOme of the religious practises dating back to the Waaq or classical era survive into the present, including mingis, a pre-islamic demon-cleansing ritual. According to the federal Ministry of Religious Affairs, more than 99 percent of the population is Sunni Muslim. Any law that goes against the basic tenets of Shari’a will not be enacted in the country. Somalia is an African nation that is located in the Horn of Africa. During the rule of the Marxist government in the country, the activity of all missionaries and church-sponsored schools were shut down. Very small groups reported, but outside the Joshua Project Small Group Policy. Sufism is also quite popular in the country. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, The 10 Biggest Shopping Malls In The World. Somalis retain primarily an oral culture in which religious and political oratory as well as storytelling, songs and poetry are highly valued. Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities 8.1 (2012): 87-111. (2015). For much of the 1st millennium BC and 1st millennium AD, a predominant religion practised by proto-Somalis as well as other Cushites and Horners was Waaqism, although in the post-classical period, various Abrahamic faiths became increasingly prevalent. According to I.M. According to the UNICEF, the dugsi system where the content is based on the Quran, teaches the greatest number of students and enjoys high parental support, is oftentimes the only system accessible to Somalis in nomadic as compared to urban areas. Capital Mogadishu Population (2010) 9,330,000 Annual population growth rate (2000-2010) 2.3% Population gain (2000-2010) 1,932,000 GDP per capita Islam is the state religion in the country and Islamic sharia governs the country’s legal system. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Somalia had a population of 2.8 million people. 99.8% of the population are Muslims according to data provided by Pew Research. Somali; Arabic Official religion Islam Monetary unit Somali shilling (Shilin Soomaali; So.Sh.) All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture, 2006. The majority religion in Somalia is Sunni Islam; indeed Islam is the national religion according to law and conversion from Islam as banned. , Of the three orders, the less strict Qaadiriya tariqa is the oldest, and it is the sect to which most Somalis belonged. Other methods include explicating from remnant spiritual practises which are sometimes inferred to in precolonial Somali poetry dating to around the turn of the 19th century, or through the usage of retrospection via its appearance in several Somali proper nouns, such as in the title of clan names such as Jidwaaq (meaning path of Waaq), or in place names such as Caabudwaaq (meaning worship Waaq). Men may have up to four wives at one time. Some of the earliest mosques in the country date back to the 7th century.  A study from 1993 found, among other things, that "unlike in primary schools where gender disparity is enormous, around 40 per cent of Qur'anic school pupils are girls; but the teaching staff have minimum or no qualification necessary to ensure intellectual development of children." Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life / Mapping the Global Muslim Population www.pewforum.org 2 The Pew Forum’s estimate of the Shia population (10-13%) is in keeping with previous estimates, which generally have been in the range of 10-15%.