Tenochtitlan was an Aztec capital city founded in 1325. Tenochtitlán, located in the heart of what is now Mexico City, was the largest city and capital of the Aztec Empire. The Aztec Empire had its capital in the city-state of Tenochtitlan and so it was the most important city of the empire. Today, Mexico City is still one of the largest cities in the world, despite its unusual setting. Although it’s made with pork, chicken, or a mix of both today, the original meat was man (my husband hotly contests this, but the archeological record is … At its center were a Nahuatl-speaking people known to their enemies as Aztecs. 9. During its peak, Tenochtitlan was once inhabited with well over 200,000 people, being one of the largest cities in the world at that time. Smack in the center of the city, … Before the Spanish arrived, the Aztecs served a soup called pozole at celebrations. Tenochtitlan (Nahuatl languages: Tenōchtitlan pronounced [tenoːt͡ʃˈtit͡ɬan]; Spanish: Tenochtitlán), also known as Mexica-Tenochtitlan (Nahuatl languages: Mēxihco Tenōchtitlan pronounced [meːˈʃiʔko tenoːt͡ʃˈtit͡ɬan]; Spanish: México-Tenochtitlán), was a large Mexica city-state in what is now the center of Mexico City.The exact date of the founding of the city is unclear. In the early fourteenth century, the Aztecs built Tenochtitlan (as directed by Huitzilopochtli) and the great temple to honor him on what are called Chinampas. One such picture of Tenochtitlan is the following: Aztec temples and buildings in Tenochtitlan Main temples Now let’s go to the main attraction – the buildings that make up the vast, mysterious yet utterly beautiful city of Tenochtitlan. Then again, it's also the source of many fascinating rumors and half-truths, thanks to repression after the Spanish conquest. Tenochtitlan was approximately 5.2 square miles in size, connected by causeways to the mainland. Tenochtitlán definition, the capital of the Aztec empire: founded in 1325; destroyed by the Spaniards in 1521; now the site of Mexico City. Even today there are chinampas in Xochimilco. It was located on an island in Lake Texcoco, which today is in the downtown of Mexico City. See more. The soup wasn’t just any soup, however. There were ancient ruins as well as thriving communities here when the Aztecs arrived, including the abandoned stone structures of two major cities: Teotihuacan and Tula, both referred to by the Aztecs as "the Tollans." The ancient Aztec city of Tenochtitlan is the source of a flood of fascinating history. This is the true story of the ancient Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan. It sits on a swampy island in the middle of Lake Texcoco in the Basin of Mexico, a strange place for any capital, ancient or modern. The Aztec Empire: The Aztec Empire was one of the most powerful states in the Americas prior to the arrival of Europeans. The squares of Tenochtitlan had free and public baths. The Aztec city of Tenochtitlan was also the largest city in pre-Columbian Americas and went on to serve as the vice royalty of New Spain. The city was located on the western side of Lake Texcoco and had swampy ground. In addition, all organic wastes. 10. Today, the Valley of Mexico is almost entirely covered by the monstrous expansion of Mexico City. Tenochtitlan History, Population, Significance, & Facts . In the area around Tenochtitlan there were floating gardens, artificially made to grow food. They developed a system of artificial islands called “chinampas”, designed to produce double super abundant crops. The Siege of Tenochtitlan was the final, decisive battle that led to the downfall of the Aztec empire and marked the start of a Spanish civilisation in what is now called Mexico.